By Blake Alma
The Basic Snare is the most simple survival trap. It is constructed from one stick and some snare wire. You simply tie the snare onto the stick. The animal walks through the snare (noose) and it tightens around him. It is ideal to trap chipmunks, squirrels, and rabbits. Setting the trap in game trails or nests are the best areas to set this snare.
The Squirrel Snare is a snare attached to a long branch (or a squirrel’s ramp, as it is known by) that is leaning against a tree. When the squirrel travels down the tree it will see the “ramp” and travel down the ramp instead. It then traps itself in the snare. This trap is designed only to trap squirrels, hence the name. Placing this trap against an oak tree that bears nuts is ideal.
The Pencil Snare is a snare that triggers once the animal enters the snare’s noose. The snare is attached to a stick called the pencil. The pencil stick is set in place by two sticks. The sticks have two carved grooves to keep the pencil in place. A flexible sapling has paracord or bank line tied onto it so it pulls force on the pencil. The snare triggers by an animal pushing the pencil out of place causing it to fly up in the air. This trap is recommended for squirrels, rabbits, and small opossums.
The Spring Snare is nearly the same trap as the trigger snare. The only difference is that the sticks already can naturally attach onto one another. Cutting a groove into the stick is unnecessary. It is constructed from an “L” stick, a latching stick, paracord, and some snare wire. The animal walks through the snare’s noose and pushes the sticks off each other, releasing the “spring” and trapping the animal.
The Two Stick Deadfall is a trap that also crushes the animal once the trap is triggered. It is only constructed from two sticks, hence the name. The triggering stick has a carved grooved to keep the deadfall in place. The triggering stick’s groove is placed onto the supporting stick and the rock is placed on the triggering stick. Once the trigger is bumped into, the trap will fall on the animal. This trap is recommended for smaller animals.